10 Types of Saw and Their Functions

In the world of carpentry and construction, usually many carpenters use saws in the work process. A saw is a tool used to cut or split various objects such as iron and wood. Saws have sharp teeth which function is to cut an object.

There are many kinds of saws that you need to know. Such as plywood saws, hacksaws, Japanese saws, and others. For more details, you can see the discussion below about the various chainsaws and their functions.

1. Hand Saw / Rip Saw

hand saw/rip saw

The hand saw is a type of saw that is commonly used in the carpentry world. Almost every carpenter must have this type of saw. This saw has teeth that are large and have a fairly tenuous distance between the teeth.

This type of saw is suitable for cutting or splitting thick wood. If it is dull, you will need to fix it with a special tool so that it can be reused because the hacksaw blade of this saw is not removable.

2. Plywood Saw / Coping Saw

plywood saw

A plywood saw is a saw that serves to cut plywood or wooden planks that are thin in size. The plywood saw has sharp teeth and is small in size.

Unlike a hand saw, the plywood saw blade can be removed so that if it is blunt you don’t have to bother with it.

The saw blade is deliberately curved to make it easier for users to cut plywood. Another advantage of this saw is that the resulting cut is quite neat and does not damage the plywood.

3. Hack Saw

hack saw

Hacksaw is a saw made to cut iron or something. This saw has smooth teeth and is quite tight so it can also be used to cut objects made of PVC and wood.

This saw is also easy to carry around due to its light weight and the blade can also be removed when it becomes dull.

4. Japanese Saw

japanese saw

Japanese saw is a saw that serves to cut or split wood that has a texture. This Japanese saw is divided into three types, namely Ryoba, Dozuki, and Kataba.

Ryoba has the advantage of having 2 sides of the saw blade for splitting and cutting the textured wood side.

5. Back Saw

back saw

Backsaws are hand saws that have stiff ribs on the edge opposite the sharp edge. The presence of these ribs allows for better saw control and more precise cuts compared to other types of saws.

Back saws are also commonly used in woodworking for precision work, such as cutting dovetails, miters, or tenons in cabinets and joinery.

Due to the stiff ribs, back saws are limited in the depth they can cut. Rear saws usually have relatively close teeth spacing, often with little or no set.

6. Keyhole Saw

keyhole saw

Keyhole saw is a saw that serves to cut wood with angles and parts of wood that are difficult to reach.

It has a small, pointed tip so this saw is easy to use for cutting in hard-to-reach corners with other types of saws.

Also known as a jab or compass saw, the keyhole saw has a dagger-like point at the tip of the blade for probing soft materials such as drywall and panels. This saw can cut small shapes in drywall, plywood, and lined wood.

7. Chainsaw


A chain saw is a portable gasoline, electric or battery powered saw that cuts with a set of teeth attached to a rotating chain that is driven along the guide blade.

It is used in activities such as tree felling, climbing, bucking, pruning, and firebreak cutting in wilderness firefighting.

8. Scroll Saw

scroll saw

A scroll saw is a saw with a thin blade that allows you to cut through tricky curves and angles. For advanced users, this means inlay work, musical instruments, fitting joints and other types of joinery.

9. Jig Saw

jig saw

Jigsaw is a saw that is commonly used to cut thick wood planks with the help of an electric motor.

The jigsaw is best used for cutting shapes and grooves in wood with its narrow blade, which is attached to the tool body with a spring clamp at the front.

The sharp teeth of the blade are measured in TPI, or teeth per inch. A higher TPI provides a smoother cut that requires less sanding.

10. Versatile / Multifunctional Saw

multifunctional saw

A multipurpose saw is a saw that can be used for various needs such as cutting, splitting, or others because it has many functions.

This saw has a similar way of working with other saws by relying on its sharp teeth to cut the object to be cut.

Those are the kinds of saws that are also one of the carpenter’s tools. All saws essentially have the same function, namely to cut and split an object, it’s just that each saw has its own advantages and disadvantages.