Nails are materials that are generally made of iron and steel which are coated or galvanized so that they are not easy to rust.
Apart from iron and steel, nails are also often made of other materials such as aluminum, brass, which function is to connect wood or other materials either temporarily or permanently.
Not only serves to unite two different objects, nails have many types that are intended for more specific functions.
Nails are also on the list of building tools and carpenter tools.
Knowing the types of nails will not only help you complete your daily work, but also optimize its functionality and safety. In addition, also to make it easier for you to choose nails.
Therefore, in this article, we will try to discuss in more detail the various types of nails and their functions.
1. Concrete Nails
We know that concrete is a very strong and hard material. To penetrate this material, a strong steel is needed, so that it does not bend and is able to penetrate the surface of the concrete layer smoothly without destroying or producing scattered fragments.
For this reason, concrete nails are made of pure steel which has high strength as well as a sharp pointed tip for easy penetration.
The length of concrete nails varies from 2.5 cm to 12.5 cm for white concrete nails and lengths from 3 cm to 7 cm for black concrete nails.
2. Wall Nails
Having a function similar to concrete nails, wall nails serve to penetrate hard walls. But it has another function, namely to hang decorative objects or furniture such as mirrors, hangers, paintings, wall hangings, and others. Nails or panel pins come in sizes ranging from 1/4 inch, 1/2 inch, and 1 inch.
3. Steel Wire Nails
This type of nail is also the nail that is most often used by the community. This nail has a characteristic that the head is covered with a grid which serves to withstand pressure while the beating process is being carried out. The stems are made rough to have a higher adhesive force.
This type of nail has several sizes, namely:
- Nails: 5 inches, 4 inches, 3 inches, 3 3/4 inches, 2 1/5 inches.
- Terns Nails: 3/4 inch.
- Plywood Nails: 3/4 inch, 1/2 inch.
- Reng Nails: 1 1/5 inch, 1 inch.
4. Umbrella Head Roofing Nails
We certainly already know where this nail got the name. The shape which has a large head size serves to hold the surface on zinc, asbestos, fiber, wood, and others.
This is nothing but so that no incoming water seeps down. Based on the size, there are three types of this nails, namely:
- Pine Nails: 3/4 inch
- Zinc/asbestos Nails: 2 1/2 inches
- Threaded Nails: 2 1/2 inches
5. Box Nails
The function of this nail is to penetrate hard wood fibers such as bengkirai, mangrove, gelugu, giam, and others. These nails are made from a mixture of iron and steel that is coated with galvanized.
Box nails are generally used for window and door frames. There are four types of bengkirai wood based on their size, starting from a quarter inch, one inch, two inches, and four inches.
6. Nail Cut Tack
Nails that are generally used for chair seats with a large head size and long pointed ends. These nails are sold individually or in doses with a size of half an inch.
7. Nail Veneer Pin
A veneer pin is a special nail intended for veneer wood or a type of board made of sawdust. The veneer pin is made of an iron mixture that is not too hard with a small body size.
8. Pivet/Store/Rivet Nails
Showcase nails have 2 components and are generally used for finishing wood planks. Showcase nails or pivet nails are made of iron and a cadmium/galvanized coating. This nails are available in 2-inch, 3/4-inch, 1 3/4-inch sizes.
This type of nail is used for permanent connections and for fastening iron plates by means of rivets. Its permanent nature makes the connection that uses nails cannot be removed again.
These nails are commonly used in the connection of bridges, buildings, tanks, and other projects that require strength and density.
9. Duplex Nails
The easiest thing to distinguish it from other nails is the presence of two heads on the top end. These two heads are used when casting, their function is to hold the wire bonds so they don’t come loose.
Made of steel and has a variety of sizes ranging from 2 inches, 2 1/2 inches, 3 inches, 3 1/2 inches, and 4 inches.
10. Clout Head Nails
Characteristics of this nail is the wide head and short stem that serves as a dowel connection. These nails are manufactured with a diameter of 3.7 mm and a length of 1/2 inch and 1 inch.
11. Worm Nails
The grooved shape makes this nail get the worm nail name. These nails are commonly used for connection of boards with laminating. Made of zinc plate with 3 different sizes, namely 9 mm, 12 1/2 mm, and 15 mm.