7 Types of Drilling Machines and The Functions

When it comes to producing holes or expanding holes in a field, drilling machines are helpful. This hole is created to allow for installing a second partition or the connection of two devices.

There are various types of these drilling machines, and it is vital to understand them to get the one that best suits your demands. The following sections will describe various types of drilling machines depending on their structure and intended use:

1. Portable Drilling Machine

portable drilling machine

A portable drill machine is a tiny electric drill that is easy to transport. Hand operation is mainly used to create small holes up to 12 mm in items of any shape or size in any position.

As a result, this sort of machine is employed for drilling in various locations that are otherwise impossible to achieve with normal drilling machines.

Wood, plastic, metal, and steel are all suitable materials for drilling holes with this drilling machine. Their compact size and portability allow them to be utilized by various professionals, including woodworkers, plumbers, electricians, homeowners, and industrial personnel.

2. Pillar Drilling Machine

pillar drilling machine

Pillar drilling machines, also known as upright drilling machines, drill holes in pillars. This sort of machine is a complex drilling machine used to drill holes in metal and wood ranging in size from 20 mm to 40 mm.

This machine has a similar appearance to a bench drill machine, except that it has a more powerful engine and a greater drilling capacity when compared to a bench drill machine, as previously said.

Workpieces of medium size are accommodated by the design of pillar drilling machines. In addition, this machine has been outfitted with automatic feeding settings for added convenience. This feed and the main spindle speed can be modified according to the task specifications.

In most cases, experienced woodworkers and those in the industrial industry employ pillar drilling machines to complete their projects. It is also appropriate for drilling, reaming, tapping screws, and batch manufacturing with this equipment.

3. Gang Drilling Machine

gang drilling machine

Cluster drill machines are multi-column drilling machines, which means that several drill heads and columns are positioned on the same table to maximize productivity. A long table and base are required for this machine.

As an added feature, the gang drill machine has four to six drill heads arranged parallel to one another, with each drilling head being driven by a separate motor.

It is unnecessary to replace the drill bits because each spindle is equipped with a unique cutting tool. Simply shifting or moving the workpiece from one location to another is essential.

Drilling holes in consecutively operating objects is the primary application of this machine. A gang drilling machine, for example, can be used to perform a variety of machining operations, including drilling, counter drilling, ream, and tap.

4. Bench Drilling Machine

bench drilling machine

Using this bench-type drill, drilling holes in wood and metal is a common task. The capabilities of this equipment have led to it being referred to as a “sensitive drilling machine.”

During the drilling operation, the targeted capacity is to feel the progress of the drill bit with one’s hand. Additionally, it can perform various cutting procedures, such as reaming.

As a bonus, this drilling machine can drill steel holes with diameters of 12.5 mm. Many businesses, including the woodworking and manufacturing industries, make use of it.

5. Radial Drilling Machine

radial drilling machine

A circular machine column is attached to a solid foundation by a solid base plate on the drilling machine. This column assists the radical arm, allowing it to raise and lower the table.

Its goal is to accommodate workpieces of varying heights and widths. A vertical pillar supports the main spindle, which allows it to be raised and lowered to adjust the drill bit’s position above the workpiece. The main spindle is located on the radial arm, which allows it to be rotated, raised, and lowered to adjust the drill bit’s position above the workpiece.

Furthermore, the drill head can be moved up and down on the radial arm.

6. Multi-spindle Drilling Machines

multi spindle drilling machine

The multi-spindle drilling machine is designed as a machine tool with a specific function, and it is used in the drilling process to drill numerous holes simultaneously using one machine tool.

This drilling machine contains many spindles that are all operated by a single motor. To drive all of the spindles, this motor uses a set of gears.

A multi-spindle drilling machine’s primary function in a manufacturing environment is to enhance production while simultaneously decreasing operational time.

7. Deep Hole Drilling Machine

deep-hole drilling machine

It is a specialized sort of drilling machine that is commonly employed to drill larger diameter holes in various materials.

This type of equipment, including guns, shafts, connecting rods, barrels, and specialized oil well drilling equipment, is designed to achieve accurate depths.

When drilling, on the other hand, this machine needs cooling. This is because fast speed generates heat, and the heat generated by friction will have an effect on the surface of the meal.

Drilling machines are classified into numerous categories based on their structure and intended use. Understanding the different sorts of drilling machines can assist you in better understanding the concept of different types of drills and their applications. Then, based on your requirements, select the most appropriate type of drilling machine for you.