Accidents are like uninvited guests, we don’t know when and where they will happen. Although it is one of the things we do not want, but we must not deny it.
Therefore, it is necessary to prepare for the worst possible things that we can experience. One of them is to have a first aid kit ready wherever we are. Because one of the requirements or mandatory equipment in first aid is the existence of a first aid kit.
It doesn’t completely solve the problem, sometimes we get confused about how to treat wounds, people who faint, choke, fractured bones, burns, fractures, convulsions, exposed to dangerous chemicals, exposed to sharp objects, and others.
Therefore, we as lay people must understand and understand how to do first aid and use the first aid kit (First Aid in Accidents). It should be noted that first aid is urgent and very necessary because at that time the medical staff could not directly go to the scene.
The assistance that we provide when the incident occurs can relieve the pain suffered by the victim. For this reason, it is necessary for us to understand how the first aid kit functions, so that there are no mistakes in the use of first aid kits that can cause unwanted risks.
Therefore, here are the first aid kits and their functions that we can know:
|No||First Aid Kits||Functions|
|1||Sterile Glass||Sterile glass is used to cover the wound that has been cleaned. The method of use is quite easy, that is, just fold the sterile gauze according to the size of the wound and close the wound and glue it using a plaster|
|2||Plaster||The plaster commonly used in the first aid kit is a 1.25 cm plaster that serves to glue wounds that have been closed with sterile gauze or bandages.|
|3||Quick Plaster||Usually used to cover small wounds, quick plasters are generally equipped with gauze pads that have been treated with wound medicine. An example of a quick plaster that we usually encounter is Handsaplast.|
|4||Bandage||The bandage functions as a wound dressing that has been covered with sterile gauze and also as a cushion that aims to stop the wound that has bleeding. The first aid kit has two sizes of bandages used, namely 5 cm and 10 cm.|
|5||Cotton||In a first aid kit cotton is usually used to clean wounds and can also be used as a wound pad. After the wound is cleaned with cotton, it must be ensured that the cotton used is new or clean cotton and also make sure that no cotton is stuck to the wound.|
|6||Masks||Masks are used as respiratory protection devices that are commonly used by first aid workers themselves and victims. Masks are used to cover the nose and mouth.|
|7||Mittela||Mittela Is a cloth that can be used for head bandages, thimble dressings, hand carrying bandages, and wound dressings when cotton or bandages are not available.|
|8||Scissors||Scissors are used to cut bandages, plaster, or other possible first aid kits to fit the desired size.|
|9||Safety Pin||Safety pin Used to tidy up the bandage and tighten the bandage so it doesn’t loosen.|
|10||Disposable Gloves||It is used as a personal protection tool for first aid workers so as not to make direct contact with the victim’s wounds because there can be potential for virus/bacterial transmission, and so as not to have direct contact with hazardous chemicals.|
|11||Clean Plastic Bag||Used as a place to accommodate wound care materials.|
|12||Alcohol solution 70%||The 70% alcohol in first aid kits is used as a wound antiseptic and can also be used as a stimulant for people who have fainted.|
|13||Aquades (100 ml Saline solution)||Aquades with Saline solution is used to clean dirt from the eyes and can also be used as a wound cleanser.|
|14||Glass for Cleaning the Eyes||The glass is used to clean the eyes from dirt or chemical contact that sticks. Stick the glass to your eyes, open your eyes wide and move your eyes, then rinse your eyes thoroughly. Make sure there is no dirt or chemicals attached to the eyes.|
|15||Tweezers||Tweezers are used to take sterile tools or foreign objects (dirt) in the wound.|
|16||Flashlights||Flashlights are used to make it clearer in seeing the pupils of the eyes of people who have fainted or been injured. The way to find out if the victim is really unconscious or not is by looking at the victim’s pupil, if when irradiated the pupil remains dilated or between the right pupil and the left pupil is not the same, it means the victim is really in a state of fainting. If when irradiated there is movement in the response of the pupil of the eye, it can be interpreted that the victim is still conscious.|
|17||Povidon Iodin||Povidone Iodine is an antiseptic drug that is used to treat cuts or scrapes that are not deep wounds. How to use it is by applying Povidon Iodine on the wound, the type of Povidon Iodine drug that we usually find on the market is Betadine.|
|18||Manual of First Aid Kits||The manual contains, among others, ways to provide first aid for broken bones, burns, handling poisoning victims, asthma attacks, exposure to chemicals, ways to evacuate victims, and others.|