Bicycles are two-wheeled transportation. According to history, bicycles have been around since the early 18th century, where their beginnings were in France. The people there refer to the bicycle as a velocipede. However, the shape of the bicycle at the beginning of its existence was different from now. At that time, the construction of bicycles was not made of iron. The construction is still very traditional. Along with the turn of the year, the form of bicycles is increasingly being refined. Until it reaches the form it is today.
From time to time, the bicycle has not lost its lovers at all. Bicycles enjoy doing activities from all walks of life and have become an option as a hobby. Many people have a penchant for exercising using bicycles as cycling for one hour alone helps burn as many as 588 calories, where if cycling for two hours will burn more than 1,000 calories.
In addition to being used for sports, bicycles can be used for traveling around housing or cycling on the beach for fun. This is a new hobby that is also popular with many, especially young people. Now you also don’t need to own a bicycle, many bicycles are used as rentals and you will be charged the rate according to how long the bicycle is used.
After discussing the history and function of bicycles, there are also those who don’t know the components of the bicycle itself. As technology develops, it is true that there are many types of bicycles. However, in this article, we will discuss the components of the general bicycle.
1. Rear Triangle
It has a function to lift the rear tire with good support. In addition, the function of the rear triangle is to reduce the load on the tires and serve as a bicycle parking area. It is located exactly as shwon in the picture, which is near the top of the bicycle chain.
One of the bicycle components is located on the top of the chainstay. Seatstay has a suspension in the form of a swing arm connected to the rear suspension. The function of this seatstay is to connect the top seat to the rear dropout.
Pivots on a bicycle have a function to channel energy through the rotating shaft. This is what makes the bicycle move very well. The shape of these pivots is elongated cylindrical and the cross-section is circular.
4. Rear Shock
The rear shock is located in the middle of the bicycle. The sizes vary but the standard length is eight cm. Generally, this rear shock is found on mountain bikes and is used to pass through dangerous terrain.
5. Top Tube
The top tube on a bicycle is generally the same size as the frame where the larger the frame size, the longer the top tube will be. At the same time, it also adjusts the sitting position with the length of our arms. The top tube has a function as a place for the fork of our bicycle that connects the seat tube to the head tube.
6. Head Tube
The head tube has a function as a link between the fork and the handlebar. The location of the head tube is located under the bicycle handlebar above the preload adjuster.
7. Preload Adjuster
The preload adjuster on the bicycle has the role of adjusting the hard or soft front shock without increasing or decreasing the volume of the shock oil, so the function of this preload adjuster makes the bicycle work practical. It is located just below the head tube and above the suspension fork.
8. Suspension Fork
The fork on the bike has a function to absorb shocks from gravel roads so you can control the bicycle to turn and avoid collisions while riding. It is located right near the front tire of the bicycle.
9. Front Dropout
The next bicycle’s component is the front dropout which has a function to pin the bicycle wheel axle in. This pin will be locked so that the bicycle wheel remains in position. The bicycle’s dropout front is also divided into two, which are an open and a closed one.
10. Damping Adjuster
The damping adjuster on the bicycle has a function to adjust the suspension slower for downhill roads. By providing resistance to the spring, so that the spring becomes hard when pressed. This aims to reduce suspension stuck when receiving heavy loads in a short time.
11. Disc Brake Mounts
Another name for disc brake mounts is the brake. The brake has a function to stop the bicycle when it is important or just want to stop. Brakes are an important component that must be present on a bicycle. Without a bicycle brake, it will be difficult to stop and will endanger the safety of yourself and others around you.
12. Bottom Bracket
Its position is located at the meeting of the frame seat and down tube of the bicycle. The function of the bottom bracket on the bicycle is to connect the chainset to the bicycle frame so that the chainset can rotate freely.
13. Down Tube
The down tube is a bicycle’s component that is located across the headset and is directly connected to the stay, top tube, and button bracket.
14. Seat Tube
The next component of the bicycle is the seat tube which has a function as a place to enter the sitting pole. The location of the seat tube can be seen in the picture above where it is right above the bottom bracket.
The chainstay or also known as the forearm of the bicycle is located just above the lower chain of wheels. Chainstay has a function to help the bicycle wheel chain rotate properly without any problems. In addition, chainstay is also useful for connecting the bottom bracket to the rear dropout.
16. Derailleur Hanger
This component is not so strong that it is intended to reduce the potential for damage to the rear dropout or to the bicycle frame.
17. Rear Dropout
The last component of the bicycle is the rear dropout, located in the middle of the rear wheel and has a function to move the teeth of the sprocket at the rear.
So, those are some explanations about the bicycle’s components and their functions. For those of you who don’t know the components of a bicycle, you will know the components and functions at once.