7 Basketball Equipment and Their Functions

Basketball is a game that was coined by a sports teacher named James Naismith in 1891. At that time, James wanted to create a game that his students could play in a closed room, especially in winter.

Over time, this game grew and became known as basketball. This game spread in America and continues to grow rapidly until today.

Around 1930, basketball associations began to appear in various cities in Indonesia, starting in Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, etc. Basketball grew rapidly after Indonesia’s independence in 1945.

Then what are the equipment and supplies needed to play basketball? Well, in this article, we will discuss the tools used to play basketball, from those used by players to balls that are in accordance with the rules of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA).

1. Basketball

FIBA-compliant basketball

Basketball is a tool that must be in the game of basketball. Imagine what would happen if the game of basketball was played without a ball, strange isn’t it? Of course. Based on the provisions made by FIBA, the basketball criteria that meet the standards include:

  • The size of the ball must match the conditions of the game. The sizes of basketball that suit the class are:
    • Ball size 7 for ages 14 up to boy seniors
    • Ball size 6 for ages 14 up to girl seniors
    • Ball size 5 for boys and girls aged 13 and under
  • The ball material is made of rubber and covered by synthetic leather or it can be rubber.
  • Ball weights are in the range of 600 grams to 650 grams.
  • The pressure on the ball ranges from 4.26 to 4.61 psi and if it is bounced from a height of 180 cm to the floor then the ball will bounce to a height of 120 cm to 140 cm (not to exceed 140 cm).

That is the criteria for choosing a basketball that meets international standards, while the basketball brand recommendation is Molten because the quality is quite good compared to other brands.

2. Basketball Shoes

Equipment that is no less important is basketball shoes. The thing that distinguishes basketball shoes from other shoes is their shape which is slightly higher at the ankle, which aims to protect the ankle from the risk of an ankle injury.

Then the sole or base of the shoe is also made with anti-slip material for use on the field because the basketball game pattern, which consists of running and jumping movements, requires anti-slip shoes and helps with the said movements.

3. Player Uniforms

Each basketball player from each team must wear a uniform so that when the game takes place, there will be a difference between teammates and opponents. Besides that, uniforms will also make the team more solid and look attractive when playing.

Generally, basketball uniforms do not have sleeves on the shirt and the length of the pants is only up to the knees, all of which aims to facilitate the player’s movement.

4. Knee Pads

deker basket
Knee-pads can protect against severe injuries

A Knee-pad is an elastic cloth that is made to keep the parts of the body that are experiencing movement from being injured, as a result of the wrong position during the movement. Generally, basketball players use the pads on the knees, ankles, and elbows.

5. Basketball Ring

ring basket

The basket consists of a ring and a net. The rings were made of hard iron and the diameter of the rings was 45 centimeters. The ring height is 305 centimeters from the floor surface and is installed on the surface of the basketball board with a distance of 15 centimeters. Meanwhile, the net is hung from the ring, with a net length of 40 centimeters.

6. Basketball Board

papan pantul basket
Basketball boards are generally made of wood or plastic glass

The basketball board is made of 3 cm thick wood or of a suitable transparent material, such as acrylic or plastic glass. The basketball board is 180 centimeters long and 120 centimeters wide.

The board is 275 centimeters high from the floor surface to the bottom of the board and is 120 centimeters perpendicular to the distance from the center point of the finish line of the court.

7. Basketball Court

FIBA (International Basketball Federation) recommended basketball court size

It is a rectangle with dimensions of 28 meters long and 15 meters wide as measured from the edge of the boundary line. In a basketball court, there are several dividing lines such as the three-point zone semicircle line and the free-throw line. The size of each line can be seen in the image above.