In a motorcycle there is not only a drive system such as a kitchen runway, chains, tires, and so on. To carry out other functions, the motor has other interrelated systems, one of which is the electrical system.
The electrical system works for many things. Among them is to start the engine or starter, to honk the horn, to turn on the main lights, turn signal lights, and taillights as well as stop lights.
Damage to the electrical system will interfere with your comfort and safety while riding a motorcycle. To prevent this, it’s a good idea to know what factors are causing the motor’s electricity to stop working.
Before discussing further what factors cause the motor’s electricity to die, you need to understand how this system works. In the body’s electrical system there are interrelated components including head lights, near and far lights, turn signals, stop lights, horns, and various lights.
The supporting components of the motorcycle electrical system are:
Its role is to store electrical energy in the electrolyte in the cell. The task of the battery is as an initial provider of the electrical system in the motor. After the motor is running, this function is replaced by the spool. The shape is similar to a dynamo that will generate electricity when the engine is spinning.
Is a device used to turn on and off the flow of electricity from a power source to a load or component that requires electricity. For example, you press the horn switch to sound it, or press the turn signal switch to turn on the turn signal.
A load is an electrical component that consumes electrical energy to power its function. Examples of loads for example horns, lights, and so on.
Cable or wire is a component that conducts electricity from the power source to the load without causing a short circuit. Made of copper wire wrapped by an insulator made of rubber or plastic.
Why is the electricity in the motor disrupted? This will result in interference with the engine and electrical panels on the motor. Especially on the type of motor that uses a CDI system that utilizes electron injection for better combustion. So that you know how to deal with the problems that cause the motor’s electricity to die, here we provide an explanation.
1. Battery Condition
A battery which electrolyte cell is dry, leaks, or changes its chemical components becomes unusable. Decreased performance also makes it unable to store electrical energy even though it has been charged many times.
If the reason your motorcycle’s electricity is dead is a low battery, then the only solution is to replace it with a new and original battery. Do not use a battery that is not in accordance with the manufacturer because in addition to not being durable there is a possibility that it can damage other electrical components because the electricity delivered is unstable.
If your motor can still be started using a kick starter but not with an electric starter, chances are your battery has run out. Another feature if your horn can’t sound but the motor can still turn on. The ideal age of the battery until the end of its service life is 5 years.
2. Fuse Blown
A fuse is a useful component for securing an electric current that is too large to break it. If there is an electric shock that is too strong, the fuse will blow and turn off the electricity that passes through it. The characteristic that your motorcycle fuse is blown is that the motor cannot be started with a kick starter or an electric starter.
On a motorcycle there are several fuses, so if you find that some of the lights are off but the electric starter is still normal, you can be sure that only one of the fuses is blown. The solution you can replace the fuse with a new one.
3. Broken Rectifier Regulator
Modern motorcycles have an electric charging circuit for the battery, of which a regulator rectifier is a standard part of the system. The regulator rectifier has the function of correcting and regulating the voltage. AC voltage will be generated in the alternator stator coil.
The regulator rectifier first converts the AC power to DC power, then normalizes the DC power, ensuring that the power does not exceed approximately 14.5 volts. The DC voltage is then supplied to the battery.
There are various reasons why a regulator rectifier breaks down. One of the main causes is heat. Some motorcycles have parts located near the radiator or other locations close to heat generators or restricting airflow.
So it can easily overheat. Another cause is the central rectifier regulator on the battery. A ground connection is important for a good voltage, and if there is a faulty voltage, the regulator rectifier can overheat.
Corroded battery connections, and poor or loose battery connections will cause incorrect voltages. If the voltage drops below about 13 volts, the motorcycle will start draining the battery and eventually the engine will stop.
4. Spool or Stator Damage
Factors causing the stator to fail is due to degradation or aging of the insulation. It will cause a short circuit, so the stator needs to be replaced. The stator’s greatest enemy is heat build-up in the wire windings.
High engine temperatures can cause failure to open and close the stator coils. Failure of the rectifier function on the regulator can cause high heat buildup in the windings, resulting in failure of the motor’s electrical system